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The Pipe Supports Blog

June 2001 News: Issue 1

June 4th, 2001 No comments

PT&P Verifies New Designs for LNG Phenolic Base Support with Load Testing

Load Testing

Load Testing

Piping Technology & Products, Inc. performs thorough product testing to verify new designs to a LNG Laminated Phenolic base support for an E&C company located in Houston, Texas. In order to determine the failure loads for a 30″ diameter, pre-insulated shoes and a 6″ diameter Laminated Phenolic base support respectively, PT&P performed lateral-load and axial load tests. The load tests performed ensure the pre-insulated pipe shoes can safely sustain the specified design load. The insulated shoes tested for the E&C company will be in service in 2001 at Atlantic LNG, where they will be used to support the liquid nitrogen gas (LNG) lines.

Big Ton Springs Installation Guide
Big Ton 1. Measure the existing installed load setting height to make sure that the big ton spring will fit tightly into the space provided. Shim from below as needed to ensure proper fit.
2. Place the big ton spring in the designated location, making sure that all required slide plates, shims, or auxiliary steel are in their proper positions.
3. Travel stop bolts can be released after all testing has been done. The travel stops are painted red and located on each end of the big ton spring. Follow the steps below to release the travel bolt stops. Please refer to the drawings to the left.
(a) Turn the nut on travel stop bolt No. 1 one-half turn; repeat on bolts 2 through 4.
(b) Repeat in this sequential order until the load is released. The load has now been transferred to whatever the big ton spring is supporting.
4. CAUTION: Be sure that the nuts on the travel stop bolts are backed off enough to accommodate the appropriate travel (Example: 1 inch of travel – the nuts should be backed off by 2 inches from the bottom of the travel stop plate.)
5. At this time the Lifting Eye Bolts may be removed.

Tension Systems
In some cases, a straight line system of axial bellows anchors and guides is not practical or desired; or there is no reasonable way/ place to anchor the bellows thrust loads. In such cases self restrained bellows assemblies may be used, such as the double hinge restrained bellows shown below. Thermal expansion (or contraction) in the long pipe is absorbed by an offset deflection of the double hinge assembly. Bellows thrust load is carried by hinge bars, gimbals, tie rods or other such devices; hence normal tension is maintained in the pipe system and main anchors and full lateral restraint guides are unnecessary.

Big-Ton D and Big-Ton T Upthrust Constants

May 24th, 2001 No comments
Big-Ton D and Big-Ton T Upthrust Constants

Big-Ton D and Big-Ton T Upthrust Constants

PT&P custom designed and built four Big Ton D Upthrust Constants(figure 1) and two pairs of Big Ton T Upthrust Constants (figure 2) for a global engineering & construction company.

These upthrust constants are installed at a Petrochemical Plant in Siberia. Due to space limitation, the Big Ton D Upthrust Constants and Big Ton T Upthrust Constants were designed for a total travel of 5″ and 4″ respectively. The Big Ton D Upthrust Constants were also designed for a load of 50,022 Ibs with a height of 26 inches. The Big Ton T Upthrust Constants with a height of 16.5″ were designed for 75,000 Ibs, and 67,464 Ibs respectively.

Does your project require constant springs? Request pricing today!

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Emergency Field Service Request on Constant

May 22nd, 2001 No comments
Emergency Field Service Request on Constant

Emergency Field Service Request on Constant

Piping Technology & Products, Inc. and its 24×7 Quick Turn/Emergency Service were put to the test on a Friday evening when they received an emergency call from a company located in Jamaica. The Jamaican company was concerned with existing pipe supports at their location and made a request for a PT&P field services representative to visit and inspect.

An experienced PT&P field services manager arrived at 8:00 p.m. on Saturday to survey and fulfill the request.

The reported problem was a pair of rusted and decayed spring hangers dating back to 1969. After inspection, PT&P’s field services manager concluded that the aged spring hangers could no longer support the piping system due to changes in the design of the system, whereas, failure resulted in additional forces being exerted onto the steam turbine.

Following identification of the measurements, load capabilities, and movements of the spring hangers, it was apparent that the system design did not compensate for the weight of two globe valves that were added to the system at a later date. Thus, PT&P’s field services manager had to take into consideration the weight of these two globe valves when sizing the replacement parts.

PT&P supplied and delivered two Type G variable spring assemblies to Jamaica on the following Monday. Type G assemblies can accommodate unusually heavy loads, and is especially adaptable for avoiding interference in spaces where headroom is limited. In this case, the spring assembly was supporting loads in excess of 2000 lbs. and movement was limited due to its location in the powerhouse.

16’ Dia. x 20’ Carbon Steel Storage Tank

May 11th, 2001 No comments
16’ Dia. x 20’ Carbon Steel Storage Tank

16’ Dia. x 20’ Carbon Steel Storage Tank

Dual cranes are required to lift the pictured 16’ x 20’ Carbon Steel Storage Tank to a flatbed eighteen-wheeler for transportation to the paint yard.Upon completion of painting and lining it will be shipped to a major producer of caustic soda in Corpus Christi, South Texas Area.

This is one of many (similar type) tanks and pressure vessels supplied for a recent plant expansion.

Learn more about tanks and vessels from our webinar archives.




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Categories: Pressure Vessels/Tanks Tags:

ASME Catalyst Storage Bins

May 11th, 2001 No comments
ASME Catalyst Storage Bins

ASME Catalyst Storage Bins

Sweco Fab, Inc., the ASME code fabrication shop of Piping Technology & Products, Inc., designed and built eleven Catalyst storage bins for a large chemical company in Geismer, Louisiana. The catalyst storage bins were fabricated from 304 stainless steel and designed for 6 psig @ 300oF.

Want to learn more about various products of Sweco Fab, Inc. Visit out website webinars today!




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Pig Launchers and Receivers for Separation Project

April 22nd, 2001 No comments

 

Pig Launchers and Receivers for Separation Project

Pig Launchers and Receivers for Separation Project

SWECO Fab, Inc. manufactured eight 8″ and four 10″ pig launchers and receivers for a separation project off the West Coast of Africa. The products were immediately put to use for placement and removal of pigs. These launchers and receivers were designed with quick opening doors and R.T.J flanges at 2300 psig, built to ASME, Sect. VIII, Div. 1 and D.N.V. inspected.

Want to learn more about pig launchers and receivers? Visit our webinar archives today!


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Replacement of a Constant Spring Hanger

April 11th, 2001 No comments
Replacement of a Constant Spring Hanger

Replacement of a Constant Spring Hanger

A large refinery plant located in Pasadena, TX called upon Piping Technology & Products, Inc. to aid them in the immediate replacement of a 5400 Lbs, 7 1/2″ travel vertical constant spring hanger used to support a Coker drum.

The constant spring hanger was damaged during servicing. The reliability engineer from the refinery contacted PT&P Wednesday evening to request an inspection by a PT&P field services representative. The following morning PT&P’s field services representative arrived on-site, inspected the damaged constant spring hanger and suggested that a replacement would be most efficient and cost effective. With the existing nameplate bolted to the constant, PT&P was able to easily locate the original design of the constant.

The original design, along with the convenience of the component parts being in stock inventory, allowed PT&P to quickly manufacture a replica of the constant and ship it out on the same day by 6 p.m.

In the past, lead times for delivery of constant supports averaged 6-8 weeks, however, through the process of maintaining stock components of interchangeable parts, lead time has been drastically reduced. Piping Technology & Products, Inc. maintains a large inventory of stocked constant support assembly components that allows them to quickly assemble and ship to customers on demand, especially in emergency/quick-turn situations.

April 2001 News

April 10th, 2001 No comments

PT&P Manufactures Custom Designed Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru
Piping Technology & Products, Inc., designed and manufactured 150 special embed plate pieces for Latin America’s largest gold producer. This project involved the production of one hundred fifty, 93″ x 27″ x 1″ embed plates which required the use of 80,000 pounds of steel and anchors. The custom designed, carbon steel, embed plates are to provide stability for the feed openings of four mineshaft reclaim tunnels and are scheduled to be put to use immediately.

Custom Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru

Custom Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru

How to Avoid Pipe Stress
What is Pipe Stress?
“Pipe Stress” refers to piping flexibility analysis.

High Stress Locations on Pipes
High stress areas generally occur at piping elbows, tees and other branch connections. The B 31.3 Piping Code provides stress intensification factors for such locations. Computer piping programs generally do piping flexibility analysis for those other than very simple systems.

Signs of Pipe Stress
An overstressed system could fail by fatigue, leading to a crack, buckling of the elbows, or overload on equipment nozzles.

How to Reduce Pipe Stress
High stress should be uncovered in the design stage. However, existing systems can be checked for incipient cracks by x-ray, ultrasound, acoustic emission or dye penetrant. Also, rerouting the pipe can provide more flexibility and sometimes reduce high stress. When rerouting is impossible or not practical, then pipe stress can be reduced significantly by adding Bellows Expansion Joints. Any sections of the pipe showing cracks must be replaced.

Product of the Month

Transition Piece

Transition Piece

Transition Piece

Transition Piece

(at left)47.25″ I.D. x 23.625″ I.D. 5A516-70 Transition Pieces w/ 5A36 stiffner for ethylene plant in Saudia Arabia. (at right)47.25″ I.D. Universal Expansion Joint w/ SB443 round corners bellows, and SA516-70 flanges for ethylene plant in Saudia Arabia.

Drag Force Test Proves Mechanical Snubbers Durability

March 20th, 2001 No comments
Drag Force Test Proves Mechanical Snubbers Durability

Drag Force Test Proves Mechanical Snubbers Durability

Drag Force Test Proves Mechanical Snubbers Durability

Instrument Panel

Piping Technology & Products, Inc., recently performed its snubber cycle test to prove the durability of a MSA 35 mechanical snubber manufactured for an engineering and construction company at Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

The cyclic test, performed using PT&P’s in-house, horizontal, hydraulic press, is designed to test snubbers at their two modes of operation. At high rates of loading, especially impact, the snubber is expected to provide very high resistance to movement. At low speeds snubbers are to provide very low resistance to movement. Testing a snubber at a low speed displays the normal wear and tear over an extended period of time.

In this case, a cyclic test was performed, in which the MSA 35 Mechanical Snubber with a load rating of 50,000 pounds and design travel of 6 inches was measured at a slow speed response. The low speed force remained at a fairly constant 500 pounds for the 50 hours and 5000 cycles it sustained. This value meets the common criteria that the drag force should be 2% or less than the rated load.

In addition to the snubber cycle drag test, Piping Technology & Products, Inc. has administered other tests such as the burst test for expansion joints. The tests executed by PT&P allow companies to attain the most precise and reliable data available to them. Using this to their advantage, customers will be able to compare data about the recently ordered products, to their individual standards of dependability and durability.

Piping Technology & Products, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries are recognized leaders in manufacturing pipe hangers/pipe supports (variables, constants, cryogenic supports cold shoes, hot shoes, mechanical/hydraulic snubbers, slide bearing plates), expansion joints/compensators (metallic, fabric, rubber, slip-type) and ASME Code Fabrication. PT&P has engineering drawing production stress analysis and full in-house finite element analysis that are used to prove designs. The design software is developed in-house and the calculations contrived are further checked using hand calculations.

Custom Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru

March 1st, 2001 No comments

 

Custom Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru

Custom Embed Plates for Gold Mine in Cajamarca, Peru

Piping Technology & Products, Inc., designed and manufactured 150 special embed plate pieces for 4 gold mines in Cajamarca, a province of northwestern Peru.

At an altitude of 4,700 m, this complex of four gold mines and processing facility is Latin America’s largest gold producer. The gold district is a 10 by 4-km zone of altered rocks with a belt of Tertiary volcanic that extends through Peru.

This project involved the production of one hundred fifty, 93″ x 27″ x 1″ embed plates which required the use of 80,000 pounds of steel and anchors. The custom designed, carbon steel, embed plates are to provide stability for the feed openings of four mineshaft reclaim tunnels and are scheduled to be put to use immediately.

In need of embed plates for an upcoming project? Request a quote today!

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Mailing: P.O. Box 34506, Houston, TX 77234-4506 Location: 3701 Holmes Road, Houston, TX 77051
Our Subsidiaries: U.S. Bellows: Metallic & Fabric Expansion Joints, Bellows
Sweco Fab: ASME Vessels, Pig Launchers, Spectacle Blinds
 Pipe Shields: Pre-Insulated Pipe Supports, Slides, Guides & Anchors

Fronek Anchor/Darling
: Snubbers, Sway Struts & Sway Braces
Phone: (713) 731-0030 Toll-Free: (800) 787-5914 FAX: (713) 731-8640 info@pipingtech.com

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